Around the table, from left to right: Instructor Farideh Dada, Alena Naiden, Brandon Davis, Bharpur Singh, Kassandra Amper, Virgilio Gonzalez, Teddy Kebede, Alina Nguyen and Lily Nguyen. Standing, from left to right: Raymond Lorenzana, Jamie Jara, Kayla Grizzle, Kevin Cordon and Martin Pantoja. Photograph was altered to add two people.
Note: The photo above has been electronically manipulated to add three students to the group.
By Nick Verbin
Myself and most other people I know use the Internet. On the Internet, there’s several different ways someone can get too sucked in and obsessed. I know many people, including myself, who have spent way too much time playing a certain video game or watching too many you tube videos. I also know people who use social media such as Facebook or Twitter far more than they should.
My friend Alec has developed a bit on an online shopping habit. While it is still an ongoing habit, he spends hundreds of dollars on clothes (mostly shoes) that he definitely does not “need” simply because he enjoys them. While I think the habit is a bit excessive, I don’t necessarily see it as a “problem”. If he enjoys the convenience of using the Internet to acquire something (clothes) that he sees as a hobby or collecting, I don’t think it’s necessarily a bad thing unless it starts to control his life and all of his finances. In fact, I actually think it’s an amazing time to be alive for someone with these interests, because the market for re-selling expensive designer clothing is so large online.
I question the ethics of today’s media because taking this class has opened my eyes to how media can be perceived. I didn’t know that big networks are all owned by only a few companies which would make the outcome of the news bias. After watching Outfoxed, it has come to my attention that news anchors and journalists were not able to freely report the news, but to cater to their superiors on what is allowed to be covered and how it may be covered. I have learned how to find reliable sources to confirm a news article and that all the news that is put onto social media may not accurate. I recently stopped using Facebook as my news source when I realized that the articles are more than likely to not be accurate or real.
My personal “Aha!” moment.
- Realizing that my Intro to CA Law class was useful to present Chapter 13: Media Law. It was interesting to find that my law class would intertwine with my journalism class. I was able to use the terminology that was taught in my law class to better explain chapter 13. I had a huge moment when going over this chapter because I was able to learn about the Watergate Scandal, which is a movie that I plan on watching in the near future.
- The Seven Secrets of media was a big moment because I am able to apply it to whatever new media is created. It was interesting to learn about the seven secrets because it can be applied to everything and anything.
- Papyrus, enough said. I have always been a big fan of a store called Papyrus because they sold different kinds of papers and stationaries and I enjoy being creative when it comes to writing letters. I never put too much thought into why the store was called Papyrus until I learned what it was.Taking this journalism has greatly affected my level of media literacy. I definitely view media in a different way because this class has taught me to be more aware of where I receive my news. The Bill of Rights has impacted my understanding because I was able to learn that the government passed the Sedition and Libel Act only a few years after the Bill of Rights was ratified, which also ties back to the Seven Secrets of media.
Online Phenomenons: How Internet Usage Has Affected Our Lives
Technology has become an essential part of our lives, we can no longer imagine nor convince ourselves not to use it. Everything from instant messaging, uninterrupted calls, audiovisual streaming and access to the world’s biggest repository of information and data has made the internet an addicting place to stay and while the hours away. Most of us lead more virtual lives than ever before. A friend of mine couldn’t stop buying things and kept searching for more video game titles through shopping sites such as Amazon, Target, Walmart, Fry’s Electronics and Gamestop. It has turned him into a homebody too busy to talk to anyone except to the people chatting with him on a screen hiding their true faces. He didn’t see anything wrong because all he does is buy stuff and work to buy more. He says he’s ‘satisfied’ and ‘happy.’ I hope he’s right.
Freedom and Responsibility: Why Ethics Matters In Journalism
There’s a consensus reached when facts are too numerous, it becomes undeniable to dispute a conclusion even if it is deemed nigh impossible or, in extreme cases, preposterous. However, people remain confused on what constitutes as a fact and what is considered an opinion, thus making information even more confusing. This is where ethics comes in. It separates evidence from lies, truth from fiction.
However, information nowadays, even from experts, can be biased and riddled with one-sided stances, ignoring different sources which reach different conclusions based on evidence and hard proof. Today, it becomes a lot more important to find reliable and trusted sources everyone can agree upon to establish a point. The practice of ethics is the one thing which distinguishes professionals from amateurs. It’s why people flock to watch news anchors especially those who back up their claims with lots of research like John Oliver or John Stewart. “There is no such thing as mediocre work” says Ayn Rand. “Only lazy people who don’t care doing it.”
Lessons Behind The Screen: What I Learned From Practicing Journalism
I learned how media is both a positive tool and a negative tool depending on how people use it. Fox News creates fear and paranoia while Al Jazeera gives us another side to the story of people being labeled as enemies.
I learned how new media is always scary. People don’t adopt quickly but ease into new things until they get used to it much like the internet which didn’t explode up until a decade ago despite being decades older.
I learned that there is no such thing as mainstream media. Popularity is based on popular views, not quality and thus the continued viewing of conveniently biased shows (revealing that most people are ignorant) such as offensive sitcom Two Broke Girls which doesn’t have any redeeming qualities unlike satirical comedy shows such as South Park and The Boondocks.
My media literacy was close to non-existent before I signed up for a class in Journalism. I used to think everything was just make-believe entertainment being fed across the airwaves to distract people. I found it also allows people to express themselves for better or worse and can be the source of important lessons and information which can affect our lives in a lot of ways both physical and mental. I understand now, more than I did before, the importance of being heard and why the only way to stop people from spreading false information is to tell the truth by giving it supporting evidence and showing a better conclusion not founded on hearsay only. Despite information being ambiguous, it is still better to have said something than be silent especially if you have enough evidence to argue your claim. Here is a video about uncertainty.
By Nick Verbin
I think that ethics in today’s media are essentially gone. It seems as if ethics have been abandoned in place of money and generating revenue and ratings instead. Especially when it comes to the television and news stations, media is run like a business because, in all honesty, it is. Private corporations own and profit from the news and how many people watch it, which simply gives them less reason to report facts and more reason to report news that is/will be considered popular by the masses that consume their news.
In particular, stations such as Fox News are responsible for this change of media ethics. Instead of reporting news, facts, and using actual journalism techniques to report the news, they instead use hate speech and entertaining but not credible sources or honest language. Reporting news that is honest may not be popular with the millions of people that watch it, and it does not generate revenue. News station owners are greedy enough to put their own profits and benefits in front of what truly matters: educating the public on what issues are important and will affect the world in which we live.
By Nick Verbin
This course has helped my understanding of the media immensely. I would consider myself a much more media literate person after taking this course; I feel as if the class did a great job of teaching me where media comes from, how it is run from the inside, and what corporations own which forms of media. These all tie into how we as a society consume, dictate, and are educated on news.
I view media in the same way that I did before, but in a more refined and educated way. I’ve always known that the media is not an industry based on trust and honesty, but I think I learned much more about how finances truly dictate the way news is given to the public. Advertising, especially, plays an enormous role in the financial aspect of news and entertainment media. Their large and essential investments make them a vital role in what news is or is not reported to the public.
I also believe that I respect my own first amendment rights more than I did before. Learning about the unethical practices that take place in the media helped me truly understand why its important to exercise your free speech right as an American citizen.
Week 7: Propaganda in Advertising
by Jadhalyn Le
In this image, celebrity Jessica Simpson is shown with clear, glowing skin, advertising a product. An acne treatment solution called “Proactiv” is quite well-known product, quite commonly advertised by attractive women with a few appearances of celebrities such as Katy Perry and Avril Lavigne. A technique in advertising is “Beautiful People”. It suggests that if people were to use this product, they would also be happy as well as beautiful and appealing. Another technique is “Bandwagon”. This product is so excessively advertised. Many use and has heard of this product, making others want to join in and be on the winning-team of great looking skin.
Week 9: Internet
by Jadhalyn Le
I use the internet for pretty much everything. I use it to shop, communicate with my circles, to update my blog, games, etc. Ever since my little sister has gotten an iPad into her hands, she spends over 4 hours daily on it whether she was playing on her apps, chatting with her classmates and friends or watching shows for long periods. I have tried to get her up and moving a little more so she doesn’t destroy her eyes, staring at that screen. Nowadays, she limits herself to only two or three episodes of various shows a day and takes breaks more frequently. I believe she still has much to improve, but it;s a good start. It is quite easy to get attached to the internet and I, myself, am quite stuck on my phone. I hope I can get it all together soon before I destroy my eyes too.
Week 10: Media Ethics
by Jadhalyn Le
Looking at media ethics today, I see many topics regarding appearances and mainstreams. Many times I surf the internet, there are always posts and pictures, mentioning what is okay to like and what isn’t, how to dress and how not to dress, what the definition of attractiveness should be, etc. If I were to compare myself to a “perfect woman” appearance-wise, I am below average. Men at times also follow these laid out rules to what their partner should be like. Not only does it affect women, men have this burden as well. They must be masculine and muscular and tall. These are problems that effect our society as a whole. It heightens standards to unrealistic levels, lowering self-esteem. It doesn’t teach people about what really is important. Media plays such a huge role, it is almost brainwashing. Media nowadays are evolving. Yes, there will still be ads about diet-pills and new make-up products. However, people are becoming more confident in themselves because there are parts of media that expresses this idea that beauty is inside, not out.
Week 11: Class Highlights
by Jadhalyn Le
- I was glad we learned about outwards appearances, such as an attractive woman, and how it is used in media, whether it was to advertise a product or to simply get people on to one side rather than the next opponents. Also, having the fact that more white people are on media than colored are brought even more into the light.
- I was surprised about how far back the internet went. I have always thought that it came to existence in the 90s when it was actually born in the 60s. Just gives me the theory that the things we barely use today can have such great impact a few decades later.
- We were shown clips of how violent journalists’ jobs could be. They are always trying to cover things that the public deserve to know about, usually resulting in dangerous conflicts, and at times, journalists’ lives.
I thought I knew a great deal about media. This class expanded my knowledge regarding media and I dived a lot deeper into the aspects of it. The First Amendment is such an incredible privilege in our country. At times, it is taken away from us, yet the law protects us here. I can just appreciate it so much more as time went by, learning about communications in our class.
My Favorite movie from 2014-15 was “Guardians of the Galaxy.” The movie is a classic from Marvel and holds many elements of teamwork, excitement and action that viewers love to see in every Marvel Movie. My all time favorite movie might just be Tarzan. My decision might be based on the fact that the movie taught me how to love others that aren’t like me. I watched Guardians of the Galaxy in theaters and Tarzan on a VCR, time flies.
If we put Xbox in this category for gaming on the Internet then yes, I do have a slight addiction. Ever since I moved to Morgan Hill, my schedule consist of School, Homework, Working out, and then Netflix/YouTube/Xbox. All my friends are in the Dublin Area and Berkeley area, so I have a lot of downtime outside of studying and school. My go to ends up being some TV show on Netflix, some videos on YouTube or me dominating in FIFA and Madden.
I have used a majority of the different types of media, and there are some that I use more than than the others. When I was younger, I used to read a lot of books and fashion magazines. I used to have a lot of those pre-teen magazines in middle school and liked looking at the different fashion articles in them. As for movies and television I also used to watch a lot. Though I don’t watch them as often as I used to, now I watch them to bond with friends and family, even before. I like watching with them and we like talking about the different movies and TV shows. My family and I really like game shows, dramas, and documentaries and we like to watch the episodes together. More now, I would say I enjoy being on the internet and keeping up some social media like an account on Tumblr (a micro-blogging site) or a Youtube. I haven’t really made enough original content for either them to be called an active creator but, I plan on making more content for them soon, since I’ve had these accounts for a while. What I have been doing is learning a little bit of coding for the tumblr and tweaking the layout of the pages I run. Maybe spending way too much time doing that. I’ve also been trying to figure out using video and audio editing software to (hopefully) start uploading videos soon.
Today’s media can be the creation of a star or that individual’s very own downfall. Media Ethics in today’s media world is lacking, very much so. Take the case of Johnny Manziel for example. Johnny Manziel was one of the hottest topics, if not the hottest topic coming out of the 2014 NFL Draft. He was a Heisman Winner and a College football quarterback worth remembering. He play was electric and exciting. Unfortunately, his attitude and personality fell under the category of a Frat boy who loved to party way too much. Now after the media chewed him up after following him relentlessly, mistake after mistake, he is a free agent QB not on a roster, and probably won’t be on one in 2016.
- Left my Notebook at home! – One time, right before I walked in the door to the class, I had realized I left my notebook with my notecards ready to turn in at home. So I instantly turned around and drove home (20miles) for the points, because every point counts.
- Got called to do a presentation – One of the biggest Aha moments I had was when you called my name to do the presentation on Advertising voluntarily, and everyone in the world knew I wasn’t feeling it.
- A sad “Aha” moment is I’ve run out of aha moments.😦
By: David Carbajal
This quarter, I had a lot of “Aha” moments but my favorite ones was my first day meeting my table mates they helped me out with assignments and had a lot of interesting discussions. One of our best discussions was about FOX news and how biased they are that for some reason all they seem to talk about is lies and propaganda of how great the republican party is. Another moment I found hilarious was our class discussions especially when it came to the subject of News Media and hearing people say they actually think of FOX News as the lead news source and it’s funny because they really have no credibility I believe shows like the Daily and Nightly show have more credibility then FOX News. One of my last memories is just being in that class in general the people in their and hearing everyone’s opinions it just opened up my eyes about how everyone sees the media and the world we live in. I learned about the tactics different media outlets use to gain their audience and also how they target certain demographics when it comes to television, movies and music. My view on the media has always been that it is bias and impartial to the truth so now to have my thoughts confirmed this has me more cautious on what I watch and what are the media’s hidden agendas.
By: Tony Phan
An ‘aha!’ moment which I have learned through reading was the fact that the majority of media is owned by a very small number of corporations. I have always heard about that through social media and conspiracy theories and I have also had a hunch myself. But seeing it in the book justified it, and knowing just how many do own the majority of media is shocking. Another ‘aha!’ moment came from watching the documentary about the FOX channel. A lot of things on there validated what I felt, but I do feel like they did not give FOX channel a fair representation and they tried to villain-ize them. The last ‘aha!’ moment I had was learning that the father of radio lived in San Jose. It nice to see our city put in the spotlight since we are a pretty boring city even though we’re the 10nth largest city in the nation.
I do not think this class changed the way I view media, but it definitely changed the way I consume media. If anything, this class reinforced my views on media. This class has taught me to be even more critical of the world we live in and never take anything for face value.
1st AHA: How the Internet has become a use and weapon for everyone to cheat, threaten people, and has became apart of the human world.
2nd AHA: How the media especially news media can make us believe their very own bias opinion, and its funny how some of their audience count on these news channels to give out their information on the world.
3rd AHA: I was surprised of how many journalists risk their lives to get a awesome valid story even if it meant they will end up severely injured or even dead. It shows me how passionate they are about their tasks.
This class really changed the way I see the media. It made me criticize before I actually believed in their opinions. The media is bias and often changes stories around to make them more entertaining. They also censor information so that they won’t have to expose it to the public. They are always going to be like this and it is a fact that I will never believe the media until research is done.
Week 10: Media Ethics
Ethics In Today’s Media
By Jacqueline Contreras
It seems as though the ethics in today’s media is becoming less of a priority, as competing news sources have participated in tabloid laundering. Tabloid laundering–the act of respectable media reporting on what the tabloids are reporting as a way of covering sensationalistic stories–has become a breach in media ethics. Respectable news outlets are the public’s way of knowing what important issues/events are currently taking place in the world. However when these news sources report on celebrity scandals, they fail to report on the more pressing stories all for the sake of seeking sensationalistic stories.
By Gabriela Sanches
I had many “Aha!” moments in this class, and each of them surprised me in a different way. The first moment was when I realized about the Spiral of Silence theory (on chapter 2) because it explained me a lot about our society. It also helped me to understand in a better way how media works and how we (audience) can be blind by it. The second moment was when learnt about Joseph Pulitzer life story (chapter 6), and how brilliant he was. I presented this chapter ,and I felt honored by it. I felt really proud for telling to my classmates about the story of someone that I like and appreciate so much. The third “Aha!” moment inspired me for my final project. I found out that 16 percent of all American population considers themselves Hispanics (chapter 9), just like me. This in a certain way, made me more conscious about my ethnicity and myself because it explained that I am not the only that came to this country looking for a better life.In summary, this class was very important to me, and I loved each moment of it.
One of the “aha” moment was learning about the 7 secret that the media did not want us to know about and it was enlightening to know what they are trying to hide from us. The second one would be that most of the media like radio or magazines are owned by a a few big corporation. I also went “aha” when I learn that Hollywood did not make the most movie in the world but Bollywood in India made the most movie instead. JOUR 2 was a fun class to take and I learn quite a bit about the media from it. I view fox news in a different way now as instead of giving us news fox gave us their opinion on the subject instead. I also did not know about media law like people can be sued for libel and for false advertisement. My view of the first amendment change only a little bit as the government have clearly in the past have restricted our freedom of speech but I already knew that the government have violated our right without us even knowing it.
During the course of this quarter, I have learned more than I could ever imagine. I thought I would learn about how media is corrupt, and things I was already well aware of. Even though I had good expectations for this class, I did not realize that it would educate me the way it did. My highlights throughout this class were definitely some of the discussions and all the knowledge I gained. I learned about how important Media Literacy is, and how Media can be a powerful tool used for good or bad reasons. Not only did we fixate on media, but we also uncovered racial and sexual disparities and also various other issues. A moment that stuck with me was learning about dangerous and tasking Journalism is. Some people in different parts of the world risk their lives, while being in the midst of gun fire. But what truly made this class so pleasant was our professor! The way of teaching is unlike any other professor I’ve had before and made the learning process fun. Helping me internalize more of the information and zeal to learn more. Overall, this class was an extremely pleasant experience and hope to have a class like this in the near future.
by Masayuki Furushima
I have used on-line games with PS3 and PS4. SONY’s games are able to make a community room in the virtual world. However, I developed an addiction of games because these communities and activities made me forget spending time. While I was playing, I didn’t get public news from media literacy, so I decided to escape these communities. I think we should pay attention to public information and to participate public communities.
I am now writing about the status of the ombudsman in today’s media.The American Home ombudsman is supposed to help borrowers get the loan files, and tell them what trust the loan is in. The FDIC (Federal Insurance Deposit Corporation) ombudsman is the person to contact if the bank was part of an FDIC recievership and therefore it is subject to a loss share agreement which has loss mitigation guidelines.
In this class, I have learned American media tools. I couldn’t complete to do my presentation, but I could feel the introduction of journalism from hearing everyone’s presentation and discussion.
I am more interested in advertising because there are huge money making a profit to media corporations, especially for Super Bowl. I want to pay attention to advertisement in the towns or media tools.
The first “Aha!” moment I had was when I found out that there is no such thing as mainstream media. I grew up thinking that there was mainstream media and that it does affect a large number of people. Another “Aha! moment I had was during a presentation. The fact that there is not much diversity in the newsroom. The fact that 93% of reporters are white. This is detrimental to the audience members and to the news room its self. Hopefully in the future there will be diversity in the news room but with diverse news being reported and not necessarily filtered prior to being reported.
The most impactful “Aha!” moment was about who controls the media. Specifically here in America media the conglomerates control much of what is being said/reported or talked about. I always thought it was up to the reporter and researchers to choose what to talk about but instead they are given tasks and assignments. Some are not given a choice on what to report. I also thought that the six aspects of news were important to mention as it is all around society. Timeliness, proximity, prominence, consequence, rarity, and human interests play a role in what is being reported on a local, national, and global level.
Knowing and understanding media literacy has impacted how I think about the media today. Prior to having my three “Aha!” moments I thought that media was equal and free much like the First Amendment but it turns out it’s not so much like the First Amendment. I understand that in this country we have free enterprise so the large corporations that own parts of the media can and have a right to influence but I don’t believe they should be as influential to the point that they take away freedom of speech within their reporters or journalists. Not saying all do, but after understanding how media can be reported, much are limited and that doesn’t seem like the American way.
Now I am careful about what I read when it comes to news. I generally go on the Apple News Application where I have it filtered to what I want to read about versus what I do not want to read based off of interest and news company.
Week 11: Class Highlights
By Jacqueline Contreras
My three “aha”moments throughout this quarter have to do with diversity in the media, books, and newspapers. Prior to researching and reading about diversity in the media, I was unaware that lack of diversity extended into newsrooms, specifically within news anchors on TV. This topic of concern has helped me better understand it’s other underlying issues in our media. When reading the chapter that covered books, I was able to understand the long process that goes into writing and publishing books. As for newspapers, I got a better understanding for what is considered to be moral in today’s current time. There were examples where journalists went undercover to investigate certain places or people in order to write a story on it. I had always wondered if journalist still do that today, what I discovered was that these actions go against morals and honesty policies in this field of work. This class has affected my level of media literacy in that I am more aware of what I see is delivered by the media. I am aware of the dimensions involved in media literacy and have found myself trying to pinpoint which dimensions are being used. Since taking this course, I now view the media in a different way. I was oblivious to the fact that so many big corporations own news outlets, giving them the power to choose what news stories be covered and which stories stay hidden from the public eye. This has also broadened my understanding of media messages as well. I am more aware that that the media–extending through different outlets and sources–have a certain agenda to deliver, and that will ultimately affect what messages they will deliver to their audiences.
By : Pho Le
There are 3 of the “Aha!” Moments I had this quarter. They are my research project about plus size model, the entertainment damnaged the news and seven secrets. Plus size model helps me understand that social media has lots of the impact on teenagers. It also helps me to be aware of social media. The entertainment damaged the news is when entertainment is rewriting the event that happened in the past. I never noticed it before that all the movies i watched somewhat true to the event. Especially, seven secrets were the most interesting topic which i had learned ever. Each secret is a truth which i didn’t recognize until i take this class.
After the course, i understanded more about media. I realized many realities around me which i had never known before. And the perspective about media also changed. I know the importances of media in nowadays life. It’s a necessary medium to connect with world, bring people closer. However, media also has many negative impact on people, teenagers, society…I used to think that media is a perfect invention of human , but after the course , i need to contemplate about that opinion. Anyway, no one can deny media has a big impact to the development of human society. And in technology time of twenty-first century, media plays an important role in our life.
Week 9: Internet
By Jacqueline Contreras
My closest friend, Lizbeth is the first person to come to mind when I think of someone who has developed a habit with online shopping. There are some negatives with the relationship she has developed with this habit, along with some positives. The bad side to her habit of online shopping is that Lizbeth is almost always purchasing unnecessary items for herself and her younger sister. This is something I have warned her about, to which she responds by telling me– in an attempt to reassure my concerns– that she can afford it because she is working. Lizbeth’s online shopping has brought on one positive aspect. My friend has suffered with social anxiety for many years, online shopping has eased her concerns of actually going out to shop, putting a temporary break on her panic attacks.
By: David Carbajal
I personally have a more broaden view of the media when it comes to all types of subjects such as television, music and movies. When it comes to television I have a good understanding about some of the shows I watch and why it gets the criticism from other news outlets such as the hit FOX Show Empire. Empire a hit drama based on a Hip-Hop family gets criticism for being too outspoken and pushing boundaries when it comes to Gay couples, but it is freedom of speech and expression and they have a right to be a show that pushes that boundary that most shows don’t. My biggest impact of media ethics though came from how the media tries to control music, they try to keep artists like Kendrick Lamar, Lupe Fiasco and J. Cole commercialized instead of letting them speak the truth of how they see the world from their eyes. Even though, the media tries to contain these artists and many more like them their views still gets out their by social media and the underground circuit. So either way their is always a way to get your message out their no matter what the media tries to say or do to stop you.
From the knowledge gained from this class and also other sources, I believe the status of today’s media ethnics are extremely questionable. Instead of giving the straight hard facts to an audience, they typically skew an individuals perspective by using certain words and inferences. Due to this, media creates an false and inaccurate depiction of the problem the media is reporting. Throughout the various things I have learned, I find myself constantly questioning every single media source around me. I question there credibility, ethics and overall accuracy. Overall, I believe that media is a powerful source and journalists and broadcasters must take the responsibility of passing information more seriously to make media have a better ethical standing.
Ethics of Media In Today’s Media
By Sergio Cano
I certainly think that there is some broadcast who are very ethical, where they give out accurate and truthful statements. But there is some media who do it all for the entertainment, some do lack ethics as suppose to the others gathering the right information to be able to inform the public. Media is formed to inform the public and to hand out sources that will be helpful to them. In some cases the media is there to spread beliefs and ideas to the viewers who are in question. I do certainly think that more and more of these media sources are becoming more and more ethical with their deliveries.