Sitting from left: Melica Sapon, Maneek Rajasansi, Philong Nguyen and Cristina Angelini Melchior; Standing from left: Thomas Lin, Celeste Dilullo, Anelisse Maciel, Karan Abrol, Luca Ferrieri, Khalil Bourgoub, Haley Cardamon, Dmitry Dolgopolov, Hope Weston, Humberto Aleman, Nelson Naing Win Aung, David Bahk, Jarra Gojolo, Jonathan Johnson and Esau Carpenter.
Sitting clockwise from top of the hour: Raquel Macias, Jonathan Dupin, Sara Helwig, Elsabete Kebede, Abigail Lee, Jeffrey Son, Vincente Aguilar and Stephanie Gonzalez. Standing from left: Jack Molmud, Christian Trujano, Jordan Vasquez, Nikhil Jha, Thanh Nguyen, Kunal Mehta, Jasmine Tottoc, Kisha Collins and Claudia Chan.
By Hope Weston
I have greatly enjoyed my time in this mass communications class, and have a few “aha!” moments as well. The first was recognizing that all media is mass media, and that everything from the margins moves to the center. So even if I think “That’s not the media’s real thoughts” it effects our society none the less! Also learning to recognize the manipulative and false information that has become too prevalent in our media world, so that I can be more well-informed to the truth. These were just 3 of the moments I had in this class!
My media literacy has definitely improved, through the information given in the books and lectures, to the discussions with my classmates from all cultures, races, identities, and beliefs. I feel like I have a greater understanding of the world around me, as well as an passion to educate, and improve, the world around me.
Today’s Media Ethics
By: Humberto Aleman
Media can be a hit or miss when it comes to being ethical and in today’s society the main form of media that can be controversial is photo and video journalism. Images and videos are far more powerful at igniting emotions on its viewers and deciding what is deemed ethical to show to the world can be tricky. I believe the world needs to see what is being documented regardless if it’s gruesome or hard to watch. Media has to be informative and sometimes that means showing videos of explicit material to fully capture the audiences’ emotions and get them to form their own opinions. In my opinion no other form of journalism will ever be as controversial or unethical as photo and video journalism but its significance and role it plays in the media is important.
By: Humberto Aleman
Between the ages of 5 to 10 I spent my summer mornings before basketball practice playing Nintendo 64 with one of my cousins who was a year older than I was and lived around the corner. The older I became the more I lost interest in video games and the different consoles that were releasing. My cousin on the other hand became far more involved in the online gaming world and later on started subscribing to websites such as Game Informer. The more gaming consoles and networks advanced the more he seemed to be captivated by the online gaming world and the only aspect of his life that it has affected him is his social life. He has maintained to keep the same friends from high school but unable to make new friends in real life. Many of the new people he associates himself with are mainly those he meets online while gaming. Most of his free time is spent in front of his television and gaming console with little to no time of being out in public socializing face to face. He has done almost nothing to change his way of living but he continues to be happy and not let his addiction negatively affect his life to the point of self destruction. I believe as his relationship continues to grow with his girlfriend he might start to realize what is more important and maybe slowly grow apart from his gaming addiction.
Media Ethics Today
By Celeste DiLullo
I believe that there are almost no ethics being used in the media today. Because of the Internet’s growth and accessibility, it is possible for any story to be popular, regardless of the contents. The upraising in false/fake news seems to enforce this idea. While I believe that the ethics should be at the heart of any media involvement, it is easier said than done. People have their own opinions, and will look for anything that supplies and validates their opinion. People no longer have time to check their sources, nor do they have time to think about the consequences of breaking the ethics code. The majority of the population believe whatever articles say, but can’t recognize the biases behind them. People are assuming that the reporters/sources will be credible and report news accurately. But with the increased popularity of the 24-hour news cycles, there simply isn’t time to dedicate fact-checking for every single story.
I think the media does a really good job at skewing the truth about a certain topic. A lot of the times only part of the truth about a certain topic is being covered instead of providing the full story. When a white male is being convicted of a crime, the media talks about the individual in such a positive light, stating only the positive traits of that individual, whereas when a person of color is being convicted of a similar crime they are portrayed by the media as someone who was expected to such a thing, and that it was common for that individual to commit crimes.
Is The Emoji copyrightable?
By Haley Cardamon
In this article, it was said that the laughing emoji was the most used “word” of the year. But the issue they faced was what typeface was used; the apple emoji or the competitor?
The federal court ruled that typeface in different “fonts” is not copyrightable. Most were pleased with this outcome because I made it easy for those who want to create typeface. They could base their product off of another typeface without consequences.
While it was ruled that typeface is not copyrightable, the case for Emojis is still not decided.
By Jarra Gojolo
I think today’s media is more ethical on purpose because there is more of a need for “political correctness.” As seen by the backlash caused by the Portland Press Herald’s Ramadan story, even though it wasn’t malicious, if you say the wrong things in the eyes of the public there will be people who will take offense to it and make noise. There are definitely outlets, like tabloids who are less ethical than others ones These celebrity news outlets will go to relatively extreme lengths to find a story and will follow celebrities around the point of borderline trespassing/harassment.
Movies Over Televison
My favorite movie of 2016 has to actually be the recent addition to Harry Potter universe “Fantastic Beasts And Where to Find Them” by J.K. Rowling. The film has just a little bit of everything for just about everyone. It gives off emotions of wonder and playfulness in the snow, and even a tad bit of anxiety and suspense as well. Rowling’s wizardly world of Newt Scamander creativity was simply off the charts insane, from creatures that can go invisible to even a bird that went from the size of King Kong to fit in a tea-pot.
While “Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them” was my film of the year, my favorite film of all time has to go to “Star Wars Revenge Of The Sith”. As a kid growing up I would pretend as many other kids of my time to be a Jedi. I would cut up noodles used for swimming and use them as lightsabers because my parents would not buy me a “real” toy lightsaber. As a child growing up Star Wars was simply perfect, it helped me believe that my imaginations can be endless. The movie offered me an escapism from reality when sometimes school history classes of George Washington was not cutting it for me.
Rotten Tomato: https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/fantastic_beasts_and_where_to_find_them/
(Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them)
(Star Wars Revenge Of The Sith)
Week 10 Media Ethics – Blog 9
By Philong Nguyen
As new forms of media take to the internet, there aren’t many regulations that are enforced online in terms of sharing information. Companies that own domains that have control over news, blogs, or any type of social media can take down anything they would want to. Anything from government asking them to anything that ruins the companies, or someone who works with the companies reputation. In a sense, sensitive material posted online that could scar someone is usually restricted by most major social media and news companies.
Most social media users nowadays worry about everything they post and get afraid when they get negative feedback. These people take precautions of posting anything sensitive and only want likes or to be noticed as a good person online. While sharing most people try to impress their friends, or anyone they’ve “become friends” with online. Negative things online are mostly left for the darker sides of the internet. For example, on websites such as 4chan(.)org or reddit, there are some blog post that tread lightly on the subject of negative content. (i.e. Gore, war, animal abuse). But these websites don’t show as much explicit content found on the dark side of the internet as anonymity is more apparent.
The Internet Gaming Addiction
By: Luca Ferrieri
Internet gaming continues to grow at a rapid pace and more people are developing problems of addiction. How can this happen? Well, like any other addiction it happens from continued and prolonged exposure. Any substance taken in overabundance impacts the user more than they realize until too late (usually). I have friends that spend hours and hours on end gaming, and while they insist there is not a problem, personal hygiene and health would beg to differ.
One friend in particular spends 24 hours consecutively gaming when a new anticipated game comes out. It even goes so far as to post it to his live twitch account (twitch is a site that allows the user to stream their activities for free to the world with a url they can access). There are some people online with massive twitch followings. Similarly, I believe, to how certain people get caught up in having as many followers as possible on instagram, the gamer community tries to gather as many followers during a gaming session as possible. An ESPN Video called Conquering a Video Game Addiction shows the account of an all-USA wrestler that ended up losing his scholarship due to his problem with computer games. As media users we must take great caution when it comes to video game exposure, because it clearly has more of an effect on us than we realize.
Okke Ornstein: Libel Suit in Panama
By: Luca Ferrieri
This cause, reported by The Guardian, concentrates on Okke Ornstein, a Dutch reporter held in prison in Panama. The International and European Federations of Journalists are calling for his release, claiming the lack of merit in this libel case against Ornstein. Libel cases can only occur if the person knowingly uses falsified information during with the intent to cause harm to the individual. The case is still currently ongoing as they are working with Panamanian officials on his release.
The impact of the Internet usage on young children
By Naing Win Aung
Link to the research paper – http://1997nelson.blogspot.com/2016/12/the-impact-of-internet-usage-on-children.html
Week 9: Internet
Not so Addicted
By Anelisse Maciel
There are so many people who rely on the internet for so many things. I did my research project actually on online dating, and wow some of the stats were insane from the amount of people who actually do online dating. There is definitely an addiction to the internet. I know if let’s say you have to go and type a paper on your computer, you are most likely going to go and also go on Facebook, twitter, etc. It is just almost natural to go and go on the internet to look up the answer or to see what is going on.
Internet is quick and easy. Recently it has been way more easier to go on the internet and search up anything a person would want. With quick articles to read it makes actually finding information thoughtfully like nothing. Personally internet has become a part of my life but I know for a fact it does not rule me. For my entire summer last year I had very limited access to the internet and social media. My phone was broken and only allowed for text and call. As well as my old computer has terrible set up to the internet so there would only be a few times I would be able to access the media. I relied on newspaper, tv news, tv in general, or magazines. It honestly helped me not get the addition to internet so many people have and I even today find myself not going on my phone or opening my laptop unless I truly need to.
Week 10: Media Ethics
Ethics in today’s media.
By Anelisse Maciel
I believe media ethics in law has gotten better over the years, but still some things broadcasted that are just not right and should not be posted or should have been posted in a different way. News manipulations or that an example we have in class about photo shop. Which is possibly one of the huge ways of media ethics that even today constantly gets used. Of course it is infuriating that this happens so much.
Do I agree that it has gotten better over the years? Yes of course. But I do think there is a long way to go. In class it was discussed that people actually add things in pictures to make it seem like there is actually more destruction or more missile than there actually is. Even today I still can not wrap my head around this but that is just what “ethics” are going on in America. I do know with every year ethics are becoming more of an under the table issue. For me personally I did not hear about ethics until this year in media when I read the textbook. I think the only thing to do to make sure that today’s ethics keep increasing is to make sure to educate.
The Three Learned Information
By Thomas Lin
The three new information I learned from the class was satellite delivery was much more common at other parts of the world than cable television, knowing the journalist Nellie Bly who went undercover to find out about the truth about a women’s lunatic asylum abusing the inmates, and minorities would get less coverage in the media than a white person.
Nellie Bly was an journalist who went undercover to find out the truth if a women’s lunatic asylum was abusing the inmates by spending ten days in the lunatic asylum. In the media, the minorities gets less coverage and attention because people and the media thinks that if the media reports the story it wouldn’t get as interesting compare to the reported story on the white person. The satellite television delivery is an type of television delivery that uses the satellite to get the picture from other places to the home owner’s television.
By Celeste DiLullo
- Mean World Syndrome. After I read the book “Filter Bubble” by Eli Pariser and “The Culture of Fear” by Barry Glassner, I knew how the media was catering to us and using fear to control what we saw in the media. But after reading the definition of Mean World Syndrome and becoming aware of it, I can explain the pheromone to others in a more efficient way.
- Censorship in other countries. I wasn’t completely aware of how censored and limited journalism is. I knew the censorship was common in the media, but I wasn’t fully aware of its prevalence in other countries.
- The upraise of false news and how to fact-check. I have a high level of media literacy with some healthy skepticism, but it’s clear that others do not. The spread of false/fake news continues to grow, as does our lack of media literacy.
I believe that this Mass Communications class has increased my media literacy. I now have a wider vocabulary to describe the media. If anything, I have more skepticism for the media. But it really has allowed me to really understand freedom of speech and hate speech in general.
by Cristina Melchior
Three “Aha”! moments:
1 – The first Aha moment was the class content. I didn’t know what to expect because I never thought about studying Journalism.
2 – The concept of “long tail” and “short head” helped to understand the difference between the e-commerce and physical stores.
3 – It was a surprise to realize how advertisers control the media.
I was completely illiterate about to media in U.S. I can tell now that, although I am not an expert, I know how and where to look for information next time I need it.
Media impact and messages in our day lives are very well-known, but we never think about it. This class was an opportunity to understand what the First Amendment means and the implications of free speech.
The video attached illustrates the power of Internet as the new mainstream. A teenager from Holland made a video trying to speak Portuguese. Nobody knew her before this video which had 1,146,235 views. She became famous in Brazil only because she tried to speak a language she doesn’t know.
Week 11: Class Highlights – Blog 10
By Philong Nguyen
This class being my first has really help kickstart my thoughts about being here. Good and bad, good in the sense as I saw that people were a lot more blind when it comes to dealing with media myself included. I don’t know much, being as young as I am, and certainly will not be able to know everything.
Some aha moments I had were, that I never really understood what country music was, not have I listened to it a whole bunch, but found out that it was just parents and adults complaining. Another moment was during public relations and Bill Clinton’s advisor advising him to “Tell the Truth, Tell it all, Tell it early, Tell it yourself.” And lastly a moment that really stuck with me was that, most of the new media, content creators, the “Educated” are mostly all liberal in a sense of wanting new change and not seeing the immediate outcome.
Throughout the course the there were many aha moments I had, but the seven secrets, media source of income synergy, and struggles of certain media platforms were the top three highlights of the course. In the seven secret “new media is always scary” made me realize the danger new media platforms cause on old existing media platforms like magazines especially. Media synergy made me realize the bias media has towards its corporate owners or media synergy it has with other businesses. For example, ABC News rarely does bad press about Disneyland , because they are the same company. Struggles of certain media platforms due to the internet was fascinating, how new and free news hurts corporations that charge money for news and information.
Now I know to not believe media blindly, but rather see where their perspective is coming from and what biases they have. For example, now I know that Fox News information as I learned in class actually has mostly a conservative point of view. They have a right wing bias. And CNN has ties to other companies and they are not entirely free of bias either.
I also learned that are constitutional rights also have limitations. When there were wars that went on in our country, there were repeatedly times the country took away free speech both from the public and media as well. Now I know the importance and how precious it is to speak up our minds and thoughts in media, and more views there are the better.
What I Learned
BY: Humberto Aleman
The first “aha” moment I had in class was when I realized there was six major corporations that controlled most of the media. The second “aha” moment I had was during chapter five when we discussed magazine’s and their effects on societies views on beauty. The last “aha” moment I had was learning the different forms of medium’s societies use and the one I use the most.
JOUR 2 taught me more than I could’ve imagined when signing up for the course. I learned how to be media literate and to be investigative when it comes to information that media gives us. I never really paid much attention to the media until taking this course and moving forward I will be aware of what type of media I am consuming. Every media message I receive now whether it be on the radio or television I find myself analyzing it and breaking down the messages it is trying to convey to me.
I thought I would post this video because it is in the top five things I will never forget about the class and I believe it depicts our society in the best way possible.
By Maneek Rajasansi
Three “Aha!” moments I had this year:
- Almost every television channel is owned by six different companies. I never understood why a Disney On Ice commercial would program on ESPN or on ABC until I found out Disney owns both stations.
- Children are easily effected about media, like advertising, because no one teaches them media literacy. The media programs content just to attracts viewers; however, sometimes children are unable to tell that the content is exaggerated or unrealistic.
- High school students’ privileges are limited when they’re in school. They are unable to truly have free speech and post or say what they desire if it goes again school rules. Since they are minors, principals can punish their students if they act out of the school’s standards of behavior.
This class has taught me a lot about the different forms of mass media and how they are relevant in everyone’s life. I do not think I can imagine a world without media, nor can I try and detach myself from all the forms. This class has proven that media literacy needs to be taught. Before this class, I would generalize media as a whole and assume how they negatively impact society; however, media is not the one to blame, it is how humans interact with it and use it. I believe this is a class every college student should take, especially since we are the generation that grew up with the most forms of media available.
By Hope Weston
I have known many people in my generation who have been caught up in the whirlwind of online gaming, dating, socializing and shopping. I feel like everyone around me has some of their daily time consumed by the internet in one way or another, although I cannot think of a specific person who was more “addicted” than the rest. I have seen people spend hours and hours scrolling, posting, meeting new people and shopping endlessly. It all seems to be the normal thing these days. I even find myself, because of my business, spending my days with my eyes glued to the screen. The best thing we can do is take time to turn off, walk away and experience life as it is happening – not through a lens. I personally have been making more efforts to put my phone away at concerts or events, during meals and while I’m studying or doing other homework. It greatly helps to live in the moment and “turn off” a few times a day. I hope everyone will adapt to this style of taking breaks or turning off completely.
By Hope Weston
Ethics are a tricky subject in today’s world. With the rise of the conservative, right-wing ideal of Christian-based morals it can be hard to distinguish between what is righteous, and what is just good. In terms of Media, there has always been a thin line between finding the truth at all costs and trying not to step on any toes. In the days of journalism’s beginnings with Newspapers and the first reporters, we have this kind of pipe-dream that they were all there for the right reasons, to tell the right stories and get to the bottom of things to show their readers… Then at the beginning of sensationalism we see a huge shift towards what is entertaining, flashy, and shocking rather than telling the story like it is. I believe this was the beginning of the end of Media Ethics. Since then, magazines, televisions, newspapers and of course the Internet have all fought for attention, leading them to report only the fearful, biased stories that will keep their audience hooked. Especially with online sources today being able to say/print whatever they want without hardly ever being double checked!! I believe that Media Ethics now lay in the hands of the audience… for we must use our own ethics and logic to discern between what is shocking and entertaining, and what is true.
Week 9- Internet
Three years ago, in Bangalore, A family moved into our gated community from New York. The couple seems extremely functional and suited for one another. At a dinner party at their house the question of online dating came up, and they revealed that they met online on a site called JDate. Everyone at the party was surprised- no one could have possibly guessed that the couple didn’t meet in the real world. They seemed to have a real, genuine relationship, and are raising a wonderful daughter, who my sister spends a lot of time with and gets along with despite the slight age gap between them (sister is three years older). When they were asked how they met, the guy told us he had been looking online for a while (supporting the idea that dating seems like “shopping” to some researchers and academics studying this), and one day “[He] widened his search parameters… and there she was!”, as he looked at his wife lovingly. I remember that line verbatim because it was so amusing to me that two people could put in so much romance into a line like that. A few adults in the party even giggled slightly, but the couple did not see any humour or irony in the line.
This being my first and only experience with online dating, I am openly biased towards the idea that online dating does not necessarily have ANY negative connotations, and is capable of forming extremely healthy and happy lifelong relationships. Statistics mean nothing to the individual, and I think it’s very possible that the unhealthy symptoms found in people who use online dating may very well be more because of the fact that people who use online dating sites tend to already be prone to unhealthy relationships or fake identities in the real world, rather than being pushed towards it by the phenomenon itself.
My stance on online dating is extremely positive, though I do not care for it myself. My personal preference is towards real world relationships, that involve the ability to meet someone for the first time in person, simply because I think those situations make me more comfortable. This does not mean that someone else’s preference to an online relationship should ever, in any way, be diminished by predudice towards the information age and it’s effect of social interaction.
Week 10- Media Ethics
The worrying scope and role of ethics in today’s world
Never has the news been so fundamental to society as a whole. The Colonial era, and all eras before it, survived without any access to mass media as sophisticated as that of the modern era. The ability of humanity to broadcast ideas to audiences beyond the reach of the human voice has been a revolutionary agent in society. It is my personal belief that NO democratic or civil rights movemtn in all of history would have survived or persisted to the extent of which it has without the media’s ability to bring people together in ideology and equality.
The 20th century, however, has revealed an ugly side to the same advancement. A feature of the media that pulls society backwards in progress weven while pushing it forward. The media has revealed to the world (as is its purpose) the malleability of human beings in general, the ability of the crowd to be swayed, and the severe consequences of this fact.
Because the media can be used for beneficial social change, it follows that it can, by the same token, be misused for any number of harmful intentions.
The ability of media sources to use agenda setting methods to control the news stories that are covered, and the capitalization of this tool in order to favour sensationalism and popularity over truth and civic duty has had devastating affects on society. Historically, the media not only facilitated, but actively participated in the election of leaders who make bad decisions, wars that need not be fought, the minimization of democracy and civil rights, and, most worrying, the propogation of content that makes media consumers LESS informed rather than more informed. This is contradictory to the fundamental goal of all forms of mass media.
It is worrying that propaganda helped promote The Great War in the 1920s. It is worrying that a publicized campaign elected a german dictator that cause a genocide in the 1930s. It is worrying that American news media has fostered hatred for communism, the Japanese, Immigrants, Muslims, Blacks and LGBT members ever since the 1950s. Every decade shows us a devastating misuse of the media to set society back 50 years, even when the same media suceeds in pushing society forward in other ways. The same phenomenon that helped create democracy serves to undermine and attack its virtues.
My personal stance on media ethics is not specific to different kinds of misuse. I am not focused on the importance of Libel laws, Privacy Rights or even First Amendment rights of journalists and the press. I am more concerned with the overarching attitude and misuse of modern media, as well as a society that is so heavily dependent on the media. Every media producer, every journalist, everyone writing on a blog that will be viewed by someone other than him or herself, has a responsibility to society to respect the power and ability of all forms of media, and uphold the basic virtues on which mass media has built its foundation. No one is exempt from this responsibility, and anyone who disregards it is doing all of humanity a severe disservice.
by Cristina Melchior
The first amendment — which guarantees the right of free speech — is at the core of all media law in the United States. However, people must have the right to protect themselves from defamation and injuries caused by errors or distortions in information disseminated by any medium. The rights of people are protected from both libel and slander defamation. Libel is the written or broadcast form of defamation. Slander is an untrue defamatory statement that is spoken orally.
Besides public comments on newspapers or magazines, the most common places for making possibly libelous statements are blog posts and internet chat rooms.
Thinking about all variations of media is evaluating its content. It is thinking that the content will be shared with a large part of the world. The globalization of the internet does not allow media thinking locally anymore. Bloggers should think themselves as having an important role in forming the opinion and instigating change. Bloggers face the same range of ethical issues the reporters face on a regular basis: truthfulness, conflicts of interest, and sensationalism.
The Internet has seen by the courts in the United States as more like newspaper or magazine. Suing for libel brings a civil suit in a state court under the libel laws seeking for monetary damages for harm caused by the statement.
Therefore, think twice before publishing something that could compromise someone without having concrete evidence.
Differentiating the Truth and the False and Pursue the True Information
By Thomas Lin
In today’s society where we can create information on the Internet, but sometimes some of of the information that we get on the Internet is not exactly true and some of the important information that people in the public needs to know for some reasons only get little coverage in the news is something that I think it’s not acceptable in the media ethics, because journalists has the responsibility to tell us what’s really going when an new information is happening at a certain location within the U.S. or around the world. Even when the medias doesn’t want to give us the real facts about what’s really happening, we as each individuals in the public should be able to tell apart what’s are the real facts and what’s not; also, we should pursue the truth when the information we are looking for is false. That’s what I believes in we as each individuals should do when the medias don’t give us the real facts.
By Naing Win Aung
Different countries showcase media differently; as a result, I think it is tough to explain the way I view the ethics in today’s media in general. In fact, I would love to share my opinion on the media ethics in my country. In Burma, there was the time when our political status was corrupted. The government controlled most of the press. Journalists had gone through a hard time and even jailed for reporting and criticizing the truthfulness of the government. The media did not have any free rights to give the accuracy information that is necessary for the citizens. Since the government controlled the media, they would often time manipulate and convey false information to the public. Some media groups worked outside of the country; they were not biased, and they follow the ethic’s code. The government censored the media group as soon as they found out what they were doing. Besides, they denied the entry of the people who worked in those groups into the country.
Nevertheless, the way media run have changed recently after the political system in Burma changes. There are several major newspapers now has an opposing party as their front page which would get banned or censored. However, the government still partially controls the media. Thus, the press cannot fully criticize the government and follow the media ethically.
By Haley Cardamon
The internet makes it easy to become addicted to almost anything. Online shopping is easy to become addicted to because when you shop on the internet, ads for similar products show up on every page you go on.
It is easier to become addicted when the advertising’s are targeted and personalized for the things you are interested in.
The best advise for online shopping lovers is to have self control. The person should be able to determine whether they need the item or if the just want it. In the following article,5 Ways to Combat an Online Shopping Addiction, the author’s top suggestions are to unsubscribe from all promotional emails and to delete shopping applications from your cell phone.
by Dmitry Dolgopolov
The problem of ethics is one of the most important nowadays. The today’s media can make a person famous in a few days. So, it is obvious that it can increase the reputation as well as kill it. So, the matter of following the ethics or not is faced by every writer, publicist, journalist.
In my opinion, most of the media tries not to violate the ethics nowadays. Especially, if you take any respected and appreciated journals as Atlantic or New Yorker, they never give away the resources if they can damage any person’s authority.
However, if you decide to read the “yellow” press, they usually don’t care about anything. They want to get money and even if the information is obviously fake or not proved yet they can publish it.
So, I suppose that there is no correct answer to the question whether media follows any rules or not. It depends on the point of view and whether we should or not take yellow press into the account.