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De Anza students resist the stigmas of community college

By Jacqueline Contreras


Week 10: Media Ethics

Week 10: Media Ethics

Ethics In Today’s Media

By Jacqueline Contreras

It seems as though the ethics in today’s media is becoming less of a priority, as competing news sources have participated in tabloid laundering. Tabloid laundering–the act of respectable media reporting on what the tabloids are reporting as a way of covering sensationalistic stories–has become a breach in media ethics. Respectable news outlets are the public’s way of knowing what important issues/events are currently taking place in the world. However when these news sources report on celebrity scandals, they fail to report on the more pressing stories all for the sake of seeking sensationalistic stories.


Week 11: Class Highlights

Week 11: Class Highlights

Journalism 2016

By Jacqueline Contreras

My three “aha”moments throughout this quarter have to do with diversity in the media, books, and newspapers. Prior to researching and reading about diversity in the media, I was unaware that lack of diversity extended into newsrooms, specifically within news anchors on TV. This topic of concern has helped me better understand it’s other underlying issues in our media. When reading the chapter that covered books, I was able to understand the long process that goes into writing and publishing books. As for newspapers, I got a better understanding for what is considered to be moral in today’s current time. There were examples where journalists went undercover to investigate certain places or people in order to write a story on it. I had always wondered if journalist still do that today, what I discovered was that these actions go against morals and honesty policies in this field of work. This class has affected my level of media literacy in that I am more aware of what I see is delivered by the media. I am aware of the dimensions involved in media literacy and have found myself trying to pinpoint which dimensions are being used. Since taking this course, I now view the media in a different way. I was oblivious to the fact that so many big corporations own news outlets, giving them the power to choose what news stories be covered and which stories stay hidden from the public eye. This has also broadened my understanding of media messages as well. I am more aware that that the media–extending through different outlets and sources–have a certain agenda to deliver, and that will ultimately affect what messages they will deliver to their audiences.

Week 9: Internet

Week 9: Internet

Online Shopping

By Jacqueline Contreras

My closest friend, Lizbeth is the first person to come to mind when I think of someone who has developed a habit with online shopping. There are some negatives with the relationship she has developed with this habit, along with some positives. The bad side to her habit of online shopping is that Lizbeth is almost always purchasing unnecessary items for herself and her younger sister. This is something I have warned her about, to which she responds by telling me– in an attempt to reassure my concerns–  that she can afford it because she is working. Lizbeth’s online shopping has brought on one positive aspect. My friend has suffered with social anxiety for many years, online shopping has eased her concerns of actually going out to shop, putting a temporary break on her panic attacks.

Week 8: Media Law

Week 8: Media Law

Speech Restrictions of Prisoners

By Jacqueline Contreras

A Pennsylvania judge struck down the Revictimization Relief Act in April of 2015. The act was meant as a way to silence prisoners and ex-prisoners from speaking of their experiences in prison, restricting their freedom of speech in the first amendment.

Week 7: Propaganda in Advertising

Week 7: Propaganda in Advertising

Diet Pepsi Advertisement

By Jacqueline Contreras

In an advertisement promoting diet pepsi, two main propaganda techniques can easily be identified. The advertisement features Sofia Vergara, a well known Columbian actress, drinking the soda. Vergara is wearing red lipstick and what appears to be a blue dress, it’s clear that the technique “beautiful people” is used. This specific technique uses celebrities to persuade others to buy a certain product. The second technique is the use of euphemism. Vergara is drinking out of a can that appears different than the traditional pepsi can. The can is tall and slender and the ad reads “the new skinny can”. Because this ad is promoting diet soda and the can was shaped to be  “skinny”, one can assume that the add is suggesting that those who drink diet pepsi will become thin as well.

Week 5: Movie or Television

Week 5: Movie or Television

Favorite Movies

By Jacqueline Contreras

My favorite movie of 2015 is titled “Room”, it follows the tale of a mother and young son, who is five years old, who have been held captive in a small room for years. I like this movie because it shows the strong love mothers have for their children, and in this case it shows the mother’s fierce dedication to escape the room so that her son may be safe and begin to explore the world he does not know exists. (I watched it in a movie theater)

“Forest Gump” is my all time favorite movie, as I am sure it is with many others. I enjoy watching this movie because it is like a timeline of significant national events and because it reminds us that people with mental disabilities are just as capable of achieving success as others. I first watched this movie on VHS.

Week 3: Books

Week 3: Books

Influential Books

By Jacqueline Contreras

After reading Rain Of Gold written by Víctor E. Villaseñor, the story that follows two families and their journey into the United States from Mexico, I was inspired to look into my family’s migration experience. This novel illustrates the struggles that Villaseñor’s parents experienced during the Mexican Revolution as well as their separate experiences as Mexican immigrants in America. The issues the characters face in the novel reminds the readers of the sacrifices immigrants make in order to provide for their family, as well as the harsh treatment they receive from those who wish to see them fail.

George Orwell’s Animal Farm is one of my favorite novels due to the fact that readers can easily make connections to its events with ones happening in our society today. The novel tells the story of barn animals and how they rebel against their owner due to the lack of freedom and mistreatment, only to find themselves facing oppression from new rulers. The story really puts things in perspective with how it explains they way in which privilege and power is corrupt.

In Twelve Angry Men, written by Reginald Rose, a jury must decide wether a young man must be charged with the death penalty after he is accused of murdering his father, or be set free. While the jury argued on wether the accused is guilty or innocent, I learned that giving others the benefit of the doubt is crucially important. (This one is actually a play)

Week 3: Business Aspect of Media

Week 3: Business Aspect of Media

The Source Behind Our Media

By Jacqueline Contreras

As of today, the sources of our media come from various corporations. Prior to reading the third chapter of the textbook, I was unaware of  that the corporations we find so common own several of the sources to our news. Given this information, I believe that we as media consumers are given fewer choices as to what news we take in.

There are six main corporations that own several other networks and publishing businesses: Disney, News Corporation, 21st Century Fox, Time Warner, Viacom/CBS, and Bertelsmann. Because these corporations have access to different forms of media, they hold the potential to influence others based off their own opinions or standards. Take for example Time Warner who owns CNN. According to an article on Time Warner has donated over 400,000 dollars to Hilary Clinton’s presidential campaign, this had led CNN to post stories displaying biased opinions in favor of Clinton.

It is major corporations that control the media along with its viewers. These biased opinions alter the viewers perception of certain things or situations, preventing some audience members from forming their own opinions or knowing the truth behind what they are being told.

Week 1: Media Autobiography

Week 1: Media Autobiography

Our surrounding media

By Jacqueline Contreras

My experiences with the media have always been constant and changing throughout my life in ways I may not have noticed before. Although there are eight types of media– books, newspapers, magazines, movies, recordings, radio, television, and the internet– I have only actively participated with a few of them on different spectrums. I am Mexican American, meaning that I have grown up with the American media along with the Latin American media as well. The different aspects embedded into the forms of media I have found myself surrounded by, continue to influence me today.

As a child I grew up watching common American cartoons, but would only watch the news with my parents on Univision, a popular Latin American network. Watching the news on CNN or ABC felt strange at the time. Today I am more fluent in English than I am in Spanish, and as a result I now watch the news, along with television shows and movies, in English. I am placed in the same situations when it comes to books. Because I am unable to fluently speak Spanish, I have always read books written in English. Books have always been an important aspect of my life. I have never had dislikes concerning books due to the different genres available, I was always able to read something I could connect with. While I find myself constantly watching television and movies, I do have one main dislike towards them. The lack of diversity in television shows/movies have always been a big issue. People of color are always misrepresented or not represented at all.

Growing up in certain generations means we will be surrounded by certain media, in my case–like many others–it is the internet. The internet is used by many people with varying generations across the globe. I use the internet each day when working on homework or checking social media sites. The internet has left a huge impact on many lives. It is a great way to communicate and connect with others at great distances, however all of its uses are not positive ones. The internet can serve as a huge distraction, it’s so easy to get caught up in social media and the lives of celebrities that sometimes we are left unaware of the greater issues in our society. Just a couple of months ago I was still in high school, and it was in my senior year that I decided to pursue journalism as my future career. Last school year I wrote for my school newspaper, although we only came out with two issues, writing for the newspaper became a great passion of mine. I specialized in writing for the Op-Ed section and wrote about San Jose’s homeless encampment known as “the Jungle” along with the annual march for labor workers in the month of May. Newspapers have become important to me, through them I am able to voice my concerns in writing in a way I would find difficult to do in another manner. Despite my appreciation for newspapers, I know that many people do not care much for them now that that news is easily accessible through the internet. A lot of work goes into writing, editing, and formatting a newspaper, yet those efforts go unnoticed. My experience with the radio is limited, I only use the radio when I  am listening to music in the car. I don’t read magazines or follow up with recordings, so I know little concerning these forms of media.

I am a journalism major and hope to transfer to San Jose State University soon. I would like to be a journalist someday, but I am still deciding what kind of journalist I would like to become.

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